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Occupational Risk Classes and Their Impact on Insurance premium



Malaysia categorizes occupations into 4 risk classes based on extensive assessments of the hazards present and risk levels involved. This classification provides guidance on insurance pricing. 



Class 1: Minimal Hazard Admin Jobs

Office-based administrative and professional roles with minimal exposure to physical hazards fall under Class 1. For example:


  • Financial analyst - Works in an air-conditioned office analyzing data and investments on a computer. The main hazards are eye strain and repetitive stress injuries.

  • Graphic designer - Develops designs and layouts on computers in a comfortable studio. May experience wrist or back pain from long hours at a desk.

  • Business development manager - Meetings and discussions with clients at offices or restaurants. Drive to meetings. Low injury risks.


Class 1 jobs have limited risks, so premiums for insurance plans are affordable. 



Class 2: Sales and Service Staff with Public Contact

Class 2 covers customer-facing sales and service jobs with some exposure to public areas, machinery, or substances. For instance:


  • Cashier - Handles cash, products, and scanning devices. Stands for long hours, risk of repetitive strain and workplace violence.

  • Waiter - Interacts with customers, handles food, and operates POS machines. Slip and fall risks.

  • Sales executive - Drives to meet clients. Displays products in retail stores. There is some risk of accidents and musculoskeletal injuries.


Insurance costs are moderate for Class 2 personnel. Safety training on workplace hazards and de-escalation techniques are advised.



Class 3: Skilled Trades Exposed to Machinery

Qualified technicians, inspectors, and supervisors who work near industrial machinery and in challenging environments fall in Class 3. Examples:


  • Construction supervisor - Oversees building sites with risks of falls, electrocution, and debris injuries.

  • Automotive technician - Uses jacks, lifts, power tools to repair vehicles. Risk of burns, falls, and cuts.

  • CNC machinist - Operates computer-controlled lathes, mills, and grinders. Moving parts can cause severe crushing injuries. Metal shard hazards.


Class 3 jobs require safety-certified personnel. Insurance premiums are higher due to substantial accident and injury rates.



Class 4: High Injury Rate Manual Labor

Class 4 covers strenuous manual labor with considerable risk of accidents and fatalities. For instance:


  • Construction worker - Lifts heavy loads, works at heights, near cranes and excavators. High risk of traumatic injuries.

  • Truck driver - Long highway journeys with little sleep. At risk of wrecks and vehicle malfunctions.

  • Welder - Exposed to hazardous fumes, hot metals, and gas explosions. Potential for burns and blindness.


Class 4 occupations need strict safety protocols. Insurance rates are very high due to frequent severe work accidents involving amputations, head injuries, or casualties.



Determining Risk Classes

Malaysia's Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) determines the risk class based on assessments of:


  • Workplace hazards like heavy machinery, toxic materials

  • Environmental conditions like extreme heat or heights

  • Physical demands of work activities

  • Injury and accident data of the occupation


Higher-risk classes require employers to implement more stringent safety measures and training. Classifying occupational risks allows insurance providers to price policies accordingly. It also guides workplace safety policies and regulations.

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